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2017年中国产业用纺织品行业运行分析发布

新闻来源:中国产业用纺织品行业协会   添加时间:2019-05-09 15:48:00


2017nianwoguochanyeyongfangzhipinxingyejixushenhuagongjicejiegougaige,tongguojishuchuangxinhejingxihuaguanlibaozhenglexingyechixuwendingfazhan,gudingzichantouzijixubaochilegaosuzengzhang,yunxingzhixiaobaochilianghaodeshuiping,chukouniuzhuanlejinnianlaidisuzengzhangshenzhixiajiangdejumian。youyuzhuyaoxianweiyuancailiaojiagedebodonghebufenchanpinyouxiaogongjidekuaisuzengzhang,xingyedeyinglishuipingyuquniantongqixiangbilveyoujiangdi,gongyezengjiazhizengsuhuiluozhi4.0%,bufenlingyudelirunzongezengsuchuxianxiajiang。

一、2017年行业整体情况

(一)、生产增速回落

“shierwu”shiqiyilai,woguochanyeyongfangzhipinxingyedeshengchanbaochilegaosuzengzhang,xianweijiagongzongliangyou2011niande910wandunzengzhangdao2016niande1450wandun,nianjunzengzhang8.1%,chengweiquanqiuzuidadechanyeyongfangzhipinshengchanguo、maoyiguohexiaofeiguo。woguochanyeyongfangzhipindekuaisuzengzhang,zhuyaoshideyiyuwoguodegaotie、gaosugongluheshuilidengjichusheshijianshe,zhubuquyandehuanjingbaohuzhengce,renminshenghuoshuipingtigaoheyiliaoweishengshuipingdegaishan。2017nianwoguojingjijiegoujiasudiaozheng,chanyeyongfangzhipinxingyemianlinzhegengweifuzadefazhanhuanjing,shengchandezengsuhuiluozhi4.00%,quanniandexianweijiagongzongliangwei1508.3wandun ,gelingyudexianweijiagongliangjianbiao1。guolvyufenli、yiliaoyuweisheng、tugongyujianzhuyongfangzhideshengchanjixubaochilejiaogaodesuduzengzhang,danhechenggeyongfangzhipin、wentixiuxianyongfangzhipindeshengchanzengsuzejiaodi。

(二)、投资保持高速增长

gudingzichantouzishixingyehuoliheqiyejiaxinxindezhongyaobiaozhi。congbiao2kejian,2017nianjinguanxingyedeshengchanzengsuhuiluo,danshigudingzichantouzijixubaochigaosuzengzhang,touzizonge849.25yiyuan,tongbizengzhang22.76%,zaifangzhigexingyezhongchuyuzuigaoshuiping,bi2016niandetouzizengsugao18gebaifendian,zhongxinjinrushangshengqi。feizhizaobudetouziezhanquanxingyede44.1%,zengsuwei22.38%,shengsuolandetouzizengsujiejin50%,pengfanbudetouzizengzhang26.22%,guolv、tugong、jiaotongdenglingyudetouzizengsudadao28.41%;lianzibuxingyezeyanxuduoniandexiajiangjumian,touzixiajiang22.85%。xingyegudingzichantouzi,zhuyaohaishixinchannengdezengjia,tebieshizaifangzhanfeizhizaobu、shuicifeizhizaobu、tugongyujianzhuyongfangzhipin、guolvyufenliyongfangzhipinlingyuqiyechannengzengzhangjiaokuai,lingyifangmianqiyeyezaijiadaxianyouzhuangbeidejishugaizaoyushengji,tebieshijienengjianpaihezhinengzhizaofangmiandetouzibijiaohuoyue。

(三)、经济效益良好

genjuguojiatongjijushuju,2017nianwoguochanyeyongfangzhipinxingyeguimoyishangqiyedezhuyingyewushouruhelirunzongefenbiewei2897.5yiyuanhe165.1yiyuan,fenbiezengzhang5.19%hejiangdi3.90%,zheishixingye“shierwu”yilailirunzongeshoucichuxianxiajiang。xingyelirunzongexiajiangdeyuanyinshi:shouxian,fangzhidaihelianzibulingyuchixudimi,2017niangailingyudezhuyingyewushourujiangdi3.44%,chengbenjinjiangdi1.89%,zhishiqimaolilvjiangdile1.41gebaifendian,jinerlirunzongedafujiangdijin30%;qici,2017nianzhuyaohuaxianyuancailiaojiagedebodong,qiyenanyizaiduanqineijiangjiageyaliquanbuchuandizhiyonghu,yingxiangdaoqiyedeyingli;disan,jinnianlaixingyetouzihuoyue,channengzengzhangkuai,shichangnanyizaiduanqineiquanbuxiaohuazheixiexinzengchanneng,shidebufenlingyuneiqiyejingzhengjilie,chanpindexiaoshoujiagechengshoulejiaodadeyali。genjuxiehuidediaoyan,qiyepubianfanyingchanpindexiaoshoujiagenanyiyuyuancailiaotongbushangzhang,haiguanshujuyexianshidabufenshangpindechukoujiagedouchuxianlebutongchengdudexiajiang。

guojiatongjijujichudewuleichanpinzhong,guolv、tugong、fanghuyijiqicheyongfangzhipinsuozaideqitachanyeyongfangzhipindefazhanqingkuangzuihao(jianbiao3),qizhuyingyewushouruhelirunzongefenbiewei442.62yiyuanhe28.74yiyuan,fenbiezengzhang13.35%he22.28%,maolirunlvwei15.53%,zengzhang0.51gebaifendian,lirunlvwei6.49%,shangshengle0.47gebaifendian,bixingyepingjunshuipinggaojin0.8gebaifendian,tixianlehenhaodefazhanqianliheyinglinengli。zheigelingyuneiqiyefazhanzhuangkuanglianghao,yifangmianshiyouyuzheixiechanpindejishuhanlianggao,shichangjingzhengliqiang,zaigegelingyudoufahuileyujiazhongyaodezuoyong;lingyifangmian,zheixielingyumianlindeshihuanbao、jichusheshijianshehejiaotongdenggaosufazhandeshichang,qiyedefazhankongjianfeichangda。

erpengfanbu、lianzibudengxiangduichuantongdechanpin,jishubijiaochengshu,shichangxiangduiwending,danshiqiyedejingyinggengyishoudaoyuancailiaojiageheshichangxuqiubiandongdeyingxiang,yinciweilaizheixielingyuneideqiyexuyaojiakuaijiegoudiaozhenghezhuanxingshengji,jiadajishuchuangxinhechanpinkaifadelidu,kaituoxindeyingyongshichang,congertigaojingyingdewenjianxing。

而非织造布利润额的下降,除原材料的因素外,企业费用的过快增长是一个重要因素,2017年非织造布的三费合计增长了14.84%,三费占比增加了0.55个百分点;另一个因素是企业的经营分化加大,亏损企业的亏损金额增长了69.78%;第三是行业内企业的营业外支出大幅增加119.27%。这些因素同时发生具有一定的偶发性,未来随着企业的调整,行业的盈利情况会得到改善。
(四)、 进出口回升

随着我国产业用纺织品的技术进步、“一带一路”倡议的深入推进以及主要发达国家经济复苏,行业内企业在开拓国际市场方面取得了很大的进展。2017年产业用纺织品行业出口242.61亿美元,同比增长5.99%,扭转了连续多年来出口低速增长甚至下降的局面;同期我国进口产业用纺织品70.54亿美元,同比增长12.18%,进口的大幅增加表明中国经济充满活力,对高技术含量、高品质产品的需求依然比较旺盛。
1、主要出口产品

2017nian,zhuyaochanpindechukouedoubaochilebutongchengdudezengzhang,qizhongchanyeyongtucengzhiwu、cashibu、chanyeyongboxianzhipinhelianzibudechukouezengsuchaoguo10%,zhanbu、zhangpeng、xiansheng(lan)dai、feizhizaofanghufuheanquanqinangdezengsuyebijiaokuai,danshibaozhuangyongfangzhipindechukouejiangdile2.93%,yiyongfuliaodechukoueyuqunianjibenchiping(rubiao4suoshi)。zai13leizhuyaochanpinzhong,4leichanpindechukoudanjiayouxiaofududezengzhang,qizhonglianzibudezengfu6.06%,qiyuchanpindechukoujiagejunchengxiajiangdezhuangtai,zhanbu、zhangpeng、niaokuheweishengjindechukoujiagejiangfuchaoguo5%。zhengtikan,shuliangyiranshituidongwoguochanyeyongfangzhipinchukouzengzhangdezhuyaoyinsu。

2、主要出口市场

tu1xianshi,yazhoushiwoguochanyeyongfangzhipinzuidadechukoudiqu,zhanquannianchukouede47.2%,qicishibeimeiheoumengshichang,fenefenbiewei16.9%he15.7%,feizhouhelameishichangdefenefenbiewei6.6%he6.9%。

meiguoyiranshiwoguochanyeyongfangzhipinzuidadechukouguojia,biao5suoshi,2017niandechukouewei37.4yimeiyuan,tongbizengzhang7.09%,ribenshidierdachukouguo,danshichukouexiajiangle3.12%。jinnianlaiwoguoduiyuenanheyindudechanyeyongfangzhipinchukouzengzhangbijiaokuai,2017nianfenbiechukou13.5yimeiyuanhe10.3yimeiyuan,zengsufenbiedadao13.1%he15.23%。chukouepaimingqianwudeguojiazhanwoguochukouzongedebizhongdadao37.8%。lingwai,zhongguoxianggang、deguo、yindunixiya、eluosihefeilvbinyeshibijiaozhongyaodeshichang,zhei10geguojiahediqudechukouezhanzongedebizhongwei51%。

涂层织物、合成革及其基布、非织造布等产品是我国对印度和越南的主要出口产品,出口额均比较大,但是从出口价格看,越南要高于印度。越南和印度是中国周边经济高速发展的国家,对各种产业用纺织品的需求量比较大。中国的产业用纺织品行业在装备制造、技术创新、产品质量等方面均具有较强的优势,在价格方面要优于欧美日等发达国家,而且地理上与其相邻,整体优势非常明显,今后要继续加大这两个市场的开拓力度。
3、进口

2017nianwoguojinkouchanyeyongfangzhipin70.54yimeiyuan,tongbizengzhang12.18%。qizhongniaokuweishengjinchanpindejinkouezuida,dadao14.23yimeiyuan,feizhizaobu、chanyeyongtucengzhiwu、anquanqinanghechanyeyongboxianzhipindejinkoueyebijiaogao,fenbiewei8.83yimeiyuan、7.68yimeiyuan、6.38yimeiyuanhe6.06yimeiyuan,chuanquanqinangwai,qiyusileichanpindejinkouedouzaizengzhang,danshizhuyaochanpindejinkoujiagechuxianbutongfududexiajiang。riben、zhongguotaiwan、hanguo、meiguohedeguodengguojiahediqushiwoguojinkouchanyeyongfangzhipindezhuyaolaiyuandi,jinkouezhanzongliangde78.4%。

二、2017年行业重点领域情况

(一)、医疗卫生用纺织品

yiliaoweishengyongfangzhipinshichanyeyongfangzhipinxingyeneiyingyongjiaoweiguangfandeyileichanpin。congyicixingweishengyongpinkan,funvweishengjinshichangyijingbijiaochengshu,shentoulvgao,meinianhaibaochiziranzengzhang,zengsuzai5%zuoyou,chanpinpinzhijixuxianggaodanghuafazhan;yingerniaokuyiranshigaosuzengzhangdeshichang,zengsuzai15%zuoyou,xingyezaimiancengcailiao、xishouxinti、chanpinshejidengfangmianbuduanchuangxin,zhongguoshichangyijingnenggouyinlingquanqiuniaokuchanyedechuangxinyufazhan;erchengrenshijinyongpinyiranhaichuyushichangpeiyuqi,qianlifeichangda,nianzengzhangchaoguo30%,danshiyaoqudetupohaixuyaojingjifazhanshuiping、xiaofeixiguanheguojiaxiangguanzhengcegongtongfali,jianghuishiyigebijiaozhangqideguocheng。cashichanpin(ganjinheshijin)shilingyigegaosuzengzhangdeshichang,zengsuchaoguo10%,tebieshisuizhejingjitiaojiangaishanheshenghuojiezoujiakuai,yicixingcashichanpindeyingyongfanweiheshiyongrenqunhuibuduankuoda。2017nianmianxiangweishengcailiaodeshuicifeizhizaobuhefangzhanfeizhizaobudetouzi、shengchanjixubaochilegaosuzengzhang。woguodeweishengcailiaohaijijikaituohaiwaishichang,2017nianniaokuheweishengjindechukouedadao16.07yimeiyuan,tongbizengzhang5.41%,qizhongchengrenshijinyongpinchukoudadao2.4yimeiyuan。

yiyongfangzhipinchanyedefazhanzexiangduibijiaopingwen,chanyedejizhongduyebijiaogao,xingyedechukoubizhongbijiaoda。2017nianwoguochukouyicixingfeizhizaobuzhifanghufu8.63yimeiyuan,tongbizengzhang8.77%,chukoushabu、bengdaidengyiyongfuliao7.69yimeiyuan,tongbizengzhang0.61%。youyuwoguoyibaozhengcehechanpinrenzhengtixideyinsu,yicixingyiyongfangzhipinzaiwoguoyiyuandeyingyongbilihaibugao,chanpinzhuyaoshiyioemdexingshishengchanbingchukouguowai。

根据协会对领域内骨干企业的调研,2017年企业的主营业务收入和利润总额分别增长15.55%和16.23%,利润率与去年同期基本持平。
(二)、土工与建筑用纺织品

tugongyujianzhuyongfangzhipindeshichangheguojiadejichusheshijianshemiqiexiangguan。2017nianwoguotieluxingyegudingzichantouziwancheng8010yiyuan,xinkaigongxiangmu35ge,xinzengtouziguimo3560yiyuan;gonglujiansheleijiwanchenggudingzichantouzi21162.5yiyuan,tongbizengzhang17.7%;luoshishuilitouzi7176yiyuan,zaichuanglishixingao。guojiazaigudingzichanfangmiandejuetouzihe“yidaiyilu”changyidetuijin,doushidewoguotugongyujianzhuyongfangzhipinxingyededaolekuaisufazhan。youyuxuqiubijiaochongzu,qiyededingdanbaoman,zhongdianqiyeyiranzaijijikuozhangxianjinchanneng。genjuxiehuiduiguganqiyedediaoyanhecesuan,2017nianxingyedezhuyingyewushouruhelirunzongefenbiezengzhang15.06%he12.54%。

尽管行业整体的发展形势比较好,但是受国家环保政策的影响,行业内的小企业的生产受到一定的影响。从长远来看,随着国家工程招投标政策的调整和工程项目对土工材料性能指标的提高,产品开发能力弱、质量控制水平不高的小企业将会面临更大的升级压力。
(三)、交通工具用纺织品

jiaotonggongjuyongfangzhipinshichanyeyongfangzhipinneifazhanbijiaokuaideyigelingyu。shouxianshiqichegongyeyiranbaochileyidingdezengzhang,2017nianzhongguoqichechanliangwei2901.54wanliang,tongbizengzhang3.19%,qizhongsuvheshangyongchedezengsufenbiewei13.81%he13.95%,xinnengyuanqichedechanliangzengzhang53%,zhongguoyijingchengweiquanqiuzuidadeqicheshengchanguo。dier,fangzhicailiaoxiangbiyuchuantongcailiao,zhongliang,geyingerexingneng、shushixingnenghehuanbaoxingnengdengfangmianjunjuyouhenqiangdeyoushi,tidaichuantongcailiaodequshimingxian。disan,xindefangzhicailiaozaijiaotonggongjuzhongdeyingyongfanweizaikuoda,ruchaoxiancailiaozhengzaigengguangfandeyingyongyuqichezuoyi、menbandengbuwei,gaoxingnengxianweifuhecailiaozaixinnengyuanqichezhongzhubuyingyong,suizhejishuchengshuhechengbenjiangdi,xianweifuhecailiaozaiqichezhongdeyingyonghuigengjiaguangfan。chuqichewai,fangzhicailiaozaigaotiehefeijizhongdeyingyongfanweiyezaikuoda,bujinbaokuochuantongdezuoyimianliao,haiyouyixiexinxingdefengwocailiao、menbancailiao、guolvcailiaodeng。

交通工具用纺织品企业进入汽车企业的供应链的难度比较大,周期长,因此行业内的企业规模一般比较大,产业集中度高。但是随着国产汽车企业的发展,行业内也出现了一些规模较小的配套企业。根据协会统计,2017年行业骨干企业的主营业务收入增长8.75%,利润总额与去年基本持平。
(四)、过滤与分离用纺织品

2017nianguojiajiadaledaqihuanjingzhengzhidelidu,woguodekongqizhiliangdedaolemingxiandehaozhuan,guolvyufenliyongfangzhipinqiyefahuilezhongyaozuoyong,xingyeyeyinglailenandedefazhanjiyu。2017niangongyexingyededaqiwuranwupaifangbiaozhunzaicixiuding,qiyexinyilunhuanbaotixiaogaizaozhengzaixingqi,yanchenpaifangnongduxiaoyu10mg/nm3yirijianchangtaihua。

daishichuchenjuyoukegaoxiaojinghuaxikeliwu、chulifengliangfanweiguang、fenchenxingzhiyingxiangxiaodengtedian,daishichuchenqiyichengweidangqianzhuliuchuchenshebei,gongyeyingyongshifenguangfan,yingyongbilizhunianpansheng。xianshibiaoming,daishichuchenqiyirijianchengweikeliwugaoxiaojinghuadezhuliushebei,daishichuchenyichengweiwoguodangqianshixianchaodipaifanghetibiaogaizaodezhulijun。zaishuiguolvfangmian,tongyangshouyiyuhuanbaoyaoqiudetigao,jizhilvbuzai2017nianyededaolekuaisufazhan,chukouedadaole1.29yimeiyuan。genjuxiehuidiaoyan,2017xingyeguganqiyedezhuyingyewushouruhelirunzongefenbiezengzhang21.97%he13.95%,lirunlvzai10%zuoyou;jiangsufuninghezhejiangtiantaishiwoguozhongyaodeguolvyufenliyongfangzhipinchanyejijudi,2017nianliangdideguolvcailiaodeshengchan、xiaoshouhelirundezengsuzai10%yishang。

过滤与分离用纺织品是一种工业消耗品,国家环保要求将会维持目前比较高的标准,预计行业将继续保持高速增长。我国在此领域已经建立了从高性能纤维到工程服务的完整产业链条,具有很强的竞争力,但是市场竞争不规范,特别是大量的应收账款对行业的发展产生了不良影响。
(五)、结构增强用纺织品

dangqian,woguoyichengweiquanqiufenglifadianguimozuida、zengzhangzuikuaideshichang,tebieshihaishangfengdianshiyededaolekuaisufazhan。jutongji,2017nian,woguoxinzengbingwangfengdianzhuangji1503wanqianwa,leijibingwangzhuangjirongliangdadao1.64yiqianwa,zhanquanbufadianzhuangjirongliangde9.2%。youyuzhengcedebianhua,2015nianyilaiwoguofengdiandexinzengzhuangjirongliangchixuxiajiang,danshiyouyupingjundanjigonglvdetigao,bolixianweihetanxianweideshiyongliangyiranbaochilejiaogaodeshuiping。

随着国产碳纤维的技术进步,我国碳纤维复合材料产业也得到了较快发展,但是相比于发达国家,应用主要集中在文体休闲用品领域,现在开始逐步应用于交通工具,而在航空领域的应用很少。根据海关数据,2017年我国出口碳纤维及制品1984吨,出口额7492万美元,分别同比增长7.96%和21.13%,而同期的进口额达到了4.35亿美元,同比增长4.15%。
(六)、安全防护用纺织品

woguoanquanfanghuyongfangzhipindeshichangfeichangda,xiaofang、shiyoushihua、meitan、gangtieyejindengyixiangongrendouxuyaogaozhiliangdechanpinlaibaozhangzhiyeanquan。suizheyirenweibenliniandeshenruhexiangguananquanshengchanfaguidewanshan,guojiayingjichanyedefazhanhejunminronghezhanlvedetuijin,anfanglingyudefazhanshoudaoleyuelaiyueduodeguanzhu,danshixiangjiaoyuyiliaoweishengyongfangzhipin、guolvyufenliyongfangzhipindengkuaisufazhandelingyu,gailingyudefazhansudujiaoman。yifangmian,yuxingyebenshendejishuhechanpinyouguan。woguozaigezhongzuran、fangge、kangjingdiandetezhongxianweijimianliaokaifafangmianyijingqudelehendadetupo,danshishouzhiyubiaozhun、jianceherenzheng,gailingyudegaoduanshichang,ruyixieteshugongkuangfanghuchanpinhaixuyaocaigoukuaguogongsidechanpin。xiangbiyudubang、3mhehuoniweierdengxingyeneidejutou,woguoqiyedeguimoxiao、chuangxinnengliruo,zaijichuyanfa、chanpinkaifafangmiandechajujiaoda。lingyifangmian,anquanfanghulingyudebiaozhunbijiaozhihou,dijiazhongbiaodecaigouzhengce,yezaiyidingchengdushangxianzhilexinchanpinhexinjishudeyingyong,bunengjilaodongzheyouxiaobaohu。

genjuxiehuidiaoyan,2017nianguganqiyedezhuyingyewushouruhelirunzongefenbiezengzhang6.42%he13.90%。

三、2018年行业发展预测

2018nianwoguochanyeyongfangzhipinxingyemianlinzhebijiaoyoulidehuanjing。shouxian,woguojingjishehuijiangjixubaochijiankangwendingdefazhan,gdpzengsujiangyujidaoda6.5%zuoyou;guojiazhongshishitijingjidefazhan,gongjicejiegougaigedeshenhua,dalijianzhengjianshuijianfei,daligulikejichuangxin,zhizaoqiyemianlindefazhanhuanjinggengjiayouhua;guominshouruchixuzengzhang,chengxiangchajusuoxiao,junminronghedeshendutuijin、guojiajiangjixujiadazaihuanjingbaohu、jichusheshijianshe、xinnengyuandengfangmiandetouru,xingyezhuyaochanpindeneixushichangjianghuijixubaochijiaokuaidezengzhang。quanqiujingjijixufusu,oumeidengfadaguojiashichangduichanyeyongfangzhipindexuqiubaochiwenhezengzhang,“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiahediquduiyicixingweishengcailiao、feizhizaobu、tucengzhiwu、tugongcailiaoheguolvcailiaodengwoguojuyoujiaoqiangyoushidechanpinxuqiuwangsheng。

woguochanyeyongfangzhipinbujinzaiguimoshangquanqiuzuida,zaizhuanyerencaipeiyang、zhuanyongzhuangbeiheyuancailiaobaozhangdengfangmianyequdelejudadejinbu,zaikejichuangxin、xinchanpinkaifa、jingxihuaguanlihechanpinzhiliangfangmianyufadaguojiadechajuzhubusuoxiao,zaizhinengzhizaohelvsezhizaofangmianyequdebushaochengguo,guganqiyedeshilidedaozhuangda,chanpinbujinmanzuleguoneixuyao,zaiquanqiuyejuyouhenqiangdejingzhengli,qiyedefazhanxinxinzu,weixingyedefazhandaxialejianshidejichu。

2018nianwoguochanyeyongfangzhipinxingyejianghuipingwenfazhan,shengchanhexiaoshoudezengsuhuilvegaoyu2017niandeshuiping,chukoujixubaochijiaogaodezengsu,yinglinenglihuidedaogaishan,gudingzichantouzidezengsukenenghuiyousuohuiluo。

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